Forillon National Park in Canada

Forillon National Park in Canada

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Forillon is a national park founded in 1970 and located in the northeastern side of Canada, more specifically, on the edge of Gaspé Peninsula in the province of Quebec. This administrativeunit is the largestand one of the most populated provinces of Canada. The park itself covers about 244 km2 and covers the Gaspé Peninsula, where it is washed by the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and also turns out to be the end of the Appalachian mountain system in the east. The mountainous area of ​​the reserve is also represented by the mountain region of Notre Dame and Megantic. The greatest height of the peaks present here is 1320m the peak of Saint-Jacques Cartier. Mountain ranges are covered with dense forests. The peaks of the mountains reach 1320 m above sea level the peak of Saint-Jacques Cartier.

The soil of the rocks is limestone. These inaccessible mountains are subject only to the most skilled climbers. The territory of the reserve is intertwined with the river system. The rivers in the park are fast, winding and very often form a variety of waterfalls and redistribution. Almost all of them flow into the bay. A large coastal area is lined with rocks. On one of them is located the Historical Museum, which used to be a lighthouse in Pointe aux Pere. During the Second World War, forts were erected here on both sides of the river, near the Peanouille Beach, which served as a defense of the Gospe Bay. These fortifications are called Peninsula and Prevel.

Today, these places are the most popular among tourists in the park, namely Peninsula, where there is an underground tunnel accessible to tourists, which leads to wartime weapons cannons. The flora of the park is represented by forests (95% of the territory). In the mountainous areas of the reserve fir, spruce, various species grow stronger. On the rest of the area grow maple, cedar, ash, sand birch, oaks canadian and other trees. The coastline is covered with lichens, of which there are 40 species. In total, the park has more than 600 species of plants. The animal world has about 245 species of birds Canada, which include such species as falcon, owl, woodpecker, herons, sparrows and canadian many others.

There are also animals such as deer, elk, bear, lynx and foxes in the reserve. The region, closer to the sea, is inhabited by seals, whales, porpoises, and also dolphins. The pride of the protected area and the main specially protected areas are nesting sea birds. In order to organize the Forillon natural protected area here, about a hundred families of the local population had to be relocated, first concluding an agreement with them Canada. The beauty and richness of nature in the Forionon nature reserve attracts many tourists here. For them, walking and water routes are prepared here, and excursions and hikes are presented. Visitors to the park can also taste a variety of souvenir shops, where gift and educational goods are presented.

Maurice Black

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